Soon it will no longer be as it used for poachers and other violators of animals’ rights and biodiversity who used to kill them and walk free.
The new Law governing biological diversity will conserve and manage but also protect the biodiversity with stringent sanction, any person who violates rights of the animals will be liable for the related crimes. “The purpose of this Law is to conserve, manage, protect and promote biological diversity.” reads the preamble of the law.
The sanctions are set according to the crimes committed in the wake to protect the lives of the animals and bio diversity.
The law that was published in the official gazette last week sets the punishment that will deter those who violate the rights of the animals following many years’ reckless treatment and destruction of biodiversity.
For instance, article 58 of the law, explains that taking or destroying an egg or a nest of a wild animal is a crime. “A natural person who takes or destroys an egg or nest of a wild animal listed in this law, commits an offence. Upon conviction, he or she is liable to a term of imprisonment of not less than six (6) months but not more than two (2) years and a fine of not less than five hundred thousand Rwandan francs Rwf 500,000 but not more than one million Rwandan francs Rwf1,000,000.” the law warns.
The law also tackles on the punishment of poaching, destruction of nature and arson with not less than 1 year but not more than three years (3) however, the law aggravates the punishments from five to ten years (5-10 years) and a fine not less than Rwf1000,000million when the crimes are committed in a conservation area especially in game parks.
“A natural person who poaches, injures, takes, stresses or breeds a wild animal listed in this law without permit commits an offence. Upon conviction, he or she is liable to a term of imprisonment not less than one (1) and not more than three (3) years and a fine of not less than five hundred thousand Rwf500,000 and not more than one million Rwf 1,000,000.
If the offence referred to in Paragraph One of this Article is committed against an animal listed in Annex I or II of this Law, the penalty is a term of imprisonment of not less than five (5) years and not more than ten (10) years and a fine of not less than five million Rwandan francs (Rwf 5,000,000) and not more than ten million Rwandan francs Rwf10,000,000,” the law writes.
There are also prohibitions in the law and related illegal activities of mining and quarrying on reserved places, mining and quarrying, farming; excavation or prospecting, drilling, or construction, carrying out scientific research, camping and flying an aircraft over at low altitude; 6° any other activity that may be found destructive to a protected area.
Rwanda has reserved two restored million deforested land to conserve endangered animals like Gorrilas, Big five Rhinos with a significant resource in wildlife conservation and restoration of biodiversity.
The legislation has also come during the world campaigns for the protection of the animals. For instance, UK environment Secretary, George Eustice recently said animals with backbones will have legal right to feel happiness and suffering in a government drive their welfare